What is considered art?

It seems that there are three ways that something can be considered art.  The first is art that is dependent on raw talent and skills.  This art is the result of innate ability and intelligence.  These artists can develop their skills to improve them, but they are ultimately born with it.   It comes to certain people naturally.  Art in this sense includes classical pieces such as Michelangelo’s work on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in Rome.  This piece required skill, precision, dedication, accuracy, time, effort, and pure talent.  Work like this could not be done by just anyone.

Screen Shot 2013-01-27 at 3.20.26 PM

Screen Shot 2013-01-27 at 12.47.06 PM  Then there is art that is delivered through genius.  This type of art is more than it
appears to be.  The beauty is more subtle and open to interpretation.  Truths, ideas, and experiences of love as well as tragedy can be expressed through art produced by a genius.  Skill and talent are reflected more in fine art, but abstract and pop art incorporates  
artwork, which builds on ideas is more complicated and gives beauty to even mundane matter.  To the right is a pop art piece by Andy Warhol.

 

These are the more recent and modern forms of art, and there has been a movement from fine and classical art to more abstract forms of art.  In turn, the concept of art has a broader definition.  In one way, more people are capable of producing art now than before, and art schools can help channel the expression inner genius and ideas of student even if those students do not necessarily have innate talent, which may have been the focus previously.  Talent is not needed in order for a person to have passion and an appreciation for beauty.  In today’s digital age, the beauty of art lies in the truth that it expressed in an original way more than on the talent needed for the expression.  The talent in this case can be learned.

In addition to genius and talent, art is also subjective.  Whether or not something is considered art depends on the audience.  Differences in what various cultures consider beautiful illustrates this point.  An individual and his or her particular background and experiences will influence the manner in which that person views a piece of artwork.  Age, gender, religion, attitude, and outlook on life as well as a multitude of other factors can play a role while viewing art.  In this case, anything can be art and anyone can produce it especially in a digital age in which computers, cameras, and other devices can create the vision that a person has in mind.

The Internet generates a place where the works of true artists and mediocre average individuals mix.  Then what it is that can distinguish real art from the rest of the collection? Well, how about experts? In science, journal articles have to be peer-reviewed before they are published and the findings are used for applications.  The most knowledgeable people in the field of study that the work was done on review those articles before they are printed and recognized as legitimate information that is worth sharing.  In the past, a museum would legitimize artwork and validate it as a beautiful piece of work.  Perhaps a virtual museum is needed to separate items of exceptional beauty from the less than extraordinary works.  Not only would a person’s work be certified, but it would get more attention and views this way as well.  A virtual museum overseen by experts in all different areas of art can review pieces submitted by anyone.  This might be the solution to the overload of information on the Internet.  Artwork produced with the help of digital devices will certainly lead to new forms of art, and for this we may just need new experts concentrating on this digital media and artwork.

Now this idea is not elitist because anyone can submit the work, and the site should be accessible to everyone.  Also, unlike the work shown in real museums, there is no need for it to be expensive or framed.  As a result, art would be democratized but not devalued.  Education was once a luxury for only the rich, but with the advent of the printing press, literacy spread and books were more available.  Literacy being more commonplace actually led to a great value put on education because people had less of an excuse for not being educated. Education become an expectation not an exception.  Similarly, there can be greater appreciation for art and beauty with greater accessibility through the internet…that is if people know where to look. With anyone being able to publish anything on the Internet, this is can be a difficult task.  Until there is a virtual museum of some sort, we will have to navigate our own way through this conglomeration of brilliant masterpieces and average works based on our own perspectives with a piece of work being validated by only our own opinions.

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